English spellings/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about English spellings.
See also changes related to English spellings, or pages that link to English spellings or to this page or whose text contains "English spellings".

  • Apostrophe [r]: Sign marking absence of a letter and, in English, possessive case. [e]
  • Hyphen [r]: A line (-), shorter than a dash (–), used to join words, as in 'word-joining is easy where hyphens are abundant'. [e]
  • English phonemes [r]: A list of abstract sound units and their various spellings. [e]
  • Spelling pronunciation [r]: Pronunciation of a word that differs from the historically established one, arising on the basis of the word's spelling. [e]
  • Misspelling [r]: A non-standard spelling that is not an accepted spelling variant; for English, see Common misspellings. [e]
  • Letter (alphabet) [r]: Symbol in an alphabetic script, usually denoting one or more phonemes; for example, in the English alphabet the letter <a> can represent the phoneme /æ/ as in mat and /eɪ/ as in mate. [e]
  • Alphabet [r]: Writing system in which symbols - single or multiple letters, such as <a> or <ch> - represent phonemes (significant 'sounds') of a language. [e]
  • Writing system [r]: A set of signs used to represent a language, such as an alphabet, or a set of rules used to write a language, such as conventions of spelling and punctuation. [e]
  • Orthography [r]: Art or study of correct spelling and grammar according to established usage. [e]
  • Written language [r]: The communication and representation of a language by means of a writing system. [e]
  • Writing [r]: The process of recording thoughts or speech in a visually or haptically retrievable manner. [e]
  • English irregular nouns [r]: English language nouns whose plural forms do not follow the standard rule of adding an –s to the end. [e]
  • English irregular verbs [r]: English language verbs whose past and past participle tense forms do not follow the standard rules of add –d or -ed to the end but instead have special forms. [e]
  • Silent letters in English [r]: English letter or letters within a particular word, which are not heard in the pronunciation of the word, but appear in the spelling—and the opposite. [e]
  • French words in English [r]: French words and phrases in English, including a catalog. [e]
  • British and American English [r]: A comparison between these two language variants in terms of vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation. [e]
  • Glottal stop [r]: Type of consonantal sound or part of sound found in many languages, produced by a complete closure of the vocal cords; for example, the [t] sound in English may be partially or completely replaced by a glottal stop, which briefly halts the airflow from the lungs, or a glottal closure may combine with other articulatory movements to form ejective or implosive sounds. [e]
  • Schwa [r]: Mid-central neutral vowel, typically occurring in unstressed syllables and, in some systems of phonetic transcription, a stressed mid-central vowel. [e]
  • Homophone [r]: A word pronounced the same way as another; may be spelt differently if the language is also written. [e]
  • Ñ [r]: The Spanish letter representing the sound [ɲ] ([nj]). [e]