Kiichi Hiranuma

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.

Kiichi Hiranuma (1865–1952) was a Japanese political leader whose roles included Prime Minister of Japan and president of the Privy Council (Japan). He co-founded the extreme nationalist Kokuhonsha movement, which drew inspiration from Italian fascism.[1]

He became minister of justice in 1923. By 1926, Hiranuma was vice-president of the Privy Council (Japan) He influenced Japan's withdrawal from the League of Nations, the abrogation of the Washington Naval Treaty, and the signing of the Anti-Comintern Pact.[2] Kisaburo Suzuki was one of his proteges.

Following the February 26, 1936 Incident, he moved up to president of the privy council. At Emperor Hirohito's suggestion, he distanced himself from Kokuhonsha and eventually dissolved it.[3]

Succeeding Fumimaro Konoe's first cabinet, he formed a government for eight months, which fell when the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed. The cabinet of Nobuyuki Abe followed his government.

He continued to serve as president of the privy council, was home minister in 1940, and supported Tojo's call for a fight to the finish in 1945, and, along with Koki Hirota, were the two former prime ministers to advise the Emperor not to surrender.[4] Ellis Zacharias, however, incorrectly called him a member of the peace faction.[5]

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East sentenced him to life imprisonment, but was released in 1951.


  1. Herbert P. Bix (2001), Hirohito and the making of modern Japan, Harper Perennial, ISBN 978-0060931308, pp. 252-254
  3. Bix, p. 351
  4. Bix, pp. 487-488
  5. Ellis M. Zacharias (17 November 1945), "Eighteen Words That Bagged Japan", The Saturday Evening Post