National Security Archive, George Washington University/Related Articles
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- See also changes related to National Security Archive, George Washington University, or pages that link to National Security Archive, George Washington University or to this page or whose text .
- National security : A broad, imprecise; sometimes useful, sometimes euphemistic and sometime politicized phrase describing the totality of necessary functions of a nation; maintaining it is the defense against all aspects of the grand strategy of adversaries
- Classified information : Material collected or created by a government that is subject to limitations on its release to the general public and may have penalties for its unauthorized release.
Board of Directors
- Russell Hemenway : Chair of the Center for National Security Studies; National Director of the National Committee for an Effective Congress; Trustee of The Fund for Peace; Chair of the Fund for Constitutional Government chair (National Director, National Committee for an Effective Congress; Trustee, The Fund for Peace Inc.; Chair, Fund for Constitutional Government)
- Edgar James : Vice Chair of the Center for National Security Studies; Partner at James & Hoffman and litigator for the National Security Archive, George Washington University vice-chair (Partner, James & Hoffman; pro bono litigator on behalf of the Archive)
- Nancy Kranich : Treasurer of the Center for National Security Studies; former Associate Dean of Libraries of New York University and the former President of the American Library Association secretary (Former Associate Dean of Libraries, New York University; Former President, American Library Association)
- Anne Cahn : Board member, Center for National Security Studies; Director of the United States Institute of Peace, Former scholar-in-residence, American University; former Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and U.S. Department of Defense staffer; author of Killing Détente treasurer (Member of the Board of Directors, United States Institute of Peace; Author of Killing Détente; former Director, Committee on National Security; former Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and Department of Defense staffer)
- Sheila Coronel : Board member; Center for National Security Studies; Director of the Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism and the former Director of the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (Director, Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University; former Director, Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism)
- Herbert Foerstel : board member; Center for National Security Studies;University of Maryland librarian; author of Secret Science and Surveillance in the Stacks; member of the American Library Association’s Intellectual Freedom Committee. (Retired University Librarian, University of Maryland; Author of Secret Science and Surveillance in the Stacks; Member, American Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee)
- William Y. Smith : Retired general, U.S. Air Force, with post-retirement work in think tanks and interest groups strategic and industrial planning, history, public access to information, and U.S. political decisionmaking; intimate access, as a junior officer, to Cuban Missile Crisis details
- Thomas Blanton : Board member, Center for National Security Studies; Director, George Washington University National Security Archive (Director, National Security Archive)
- Philip Brenner : Add brief definition or description (Professor of International Relations and former Chair, School of International Service, American University; Lead plaintiff in Archive lawsuit for Cuban Missile Crisis documents)
- Susan Brynteson : Add brief definition or description (University Librarian, University of Delaware; Former Chair, American Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee)
- Rosemary Chalk : Add brief definition or description (National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences)
- John Dinges : Add brief definition or description (Professor, Columbia University School of Journalism; former Managing Editor, National Public Radio; Archive Fellow and Author of Our Man in Panama)
- Joan Hoff : Add brief definition or description (Professor of History and Chair of the Baker Institute, Ohio University; former Executive Secretary, Organization of American Historians)
- Akira Iriye : A Harvard University professor of history specializing in 20th century U.S.-Japan relations; Past President, American Historical Association; advisory board, National Security Archive, George Washington University (Professor of History, Harvard University; Past President, American Historical Association)
- Ernest May : Add brief definition or description (Charles Warren Professor of History, Harvard University[; Former MacArthur Fellow)
- David Rosenberg : Add brief definition or description (Professor of Maritime Strategy, National War College; Former MacArthur Fellow)
- Tina Rosenberg : Add brief definition or description New York Times Editorial Board; Former MacArthur Fellow; Former Archive Fellow and Pulitzer Prize winner for her book The Haunted Land)
- Jack Siggins : Add brief definition or description(University Librarian, The George Washington University)
- Richard Steckel : Add brief definition or description(President, AddVenture Network; Former Director, Childrens’ Museum of Denver)
- John Steinbruner : Add brief definition or description (Director, Center for International Security Studies at Maryland; former Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
- Thomas Susman : Add brief definition or description (Partner, Ropes & Gray; Former counsel, U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee; Co-author of the 1974 Freedom of Information Act amendments)
Staff and fellows
- Joyce Battle : Add brief definition or description
- William Burr : Add brief definition or description
- Kate Doyle : Add brief definition or description a Senior Analyst of U.S. policy in Latin America, currently directs the Mexico Project, which aims to obtain documents on U.S.-Mexican relations. She edited two of the Archive's collections of declassified records - Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999 and El Salvador: War, Peace and Human Rights, 1980-1994 - and numerous Electronic Briefing Books on Guatemala and Mexico for the Archive's Web site. Since 1992, Doyle has worked with Latin American human rights organizations and truth commissions - in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras - to obtain the declassification of U.S. government archives in support of their investigations. She co-authored the 1994 report of the Washington Task Force on Salvadoran Death Squads, produced for the U.N.-appointed "Grupo Conjunto," which examined the resurgence of death squads in El Salvador after the signing of the peace accords. She published the Guatemalan death squad dossier in Harper's Magazine, and led the group of human rights organizations who briefed the press on the dossier in May 1999. In September 2002, Doyle appeared as an expert witness in the trial of senior military officers in Guatemala for the assassination of Myrna Mack. Doyle also works with citizens groups throughout the region on their campaigns for government transparency, accountability and freedom of information, and has written about the right to information in Latin America and the United States. She is a member of the advisory boards of the World Policy Journal, the Journal of the Right to Information, Libertad de Información-México and the Fund for Constitutional Government in Washington. Her articles have appeared in The New York Times, Boston Globe, World Policy Journal, Current History, Columbia Journalism Review, The Nation, and other publications. She now lives in Mexico City, directing the Mexico Project for the Archive and serving as a Research Fellow at the Iberoamerican University. In 2002, Doyle was awarded the Iberoamerican University's annual "Right to Information Prize."
- Peter Kornbluh : Add brief definition or description Senior Analyst, has worked at the Archive since April 1986. He currently directs the Archive's Cuba and Chile Documentation Projects. He was co-director of the Iran-contra documentation project and director of the Archive's project on U.S. policy toward Nicaragua. From 1990-1999, he taught at Columbia University, as an adjunct assistant professor of international and public affairs. He is the author/editor/co-editor of a number of Archive books: the Archive's first two documents readers: The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 and The Iran-Contra Scandal: The Declassified History, both published by the New Press, and Bay of Pigs Declassified: The Secret CIA Report on the Invasion of Cuba (The New Press, 1998). On the 30th anniversary of the Chilean military coup in September 2003 he published The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability, which the Los Angeles Times selected as a "best book" of the year. The Pinochet File has been translated into Spanish and published in Barcelona as Pinochet: Los Archivos Secretos. A smaller book on the United States and the overthrow of the government of Salvador Allende has been published in Chile under the title: Los EEUU y el Derrocamiento de Allende. His articles have been published in Foreign Policy, The New York Review of Books, the New Yorker, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, and many other journals and newspapers. He has appeared on national television and radio broadcasts, among them "60 Minutes," "The Charlie Rose show," "Nightline," CNN, All Things Considered, and "FreshAir" with Terri Gross. He has also worked on, and appeared in, numerous documentary films, including the Oscar winning "Panama Deception," the History Channel's "Bay of Pigs Declassified," and "The Trials of Henry Kissinger." In November 2003, he served as producing consultant on the Discovery Times documentary, "Kennedy and Castro: The Secret History," which was based on his article in Cigar Aficionado, "Kennedy and Castro: The Secret Quest for Accommodation." He is currently a weekly columnist for the Chilean newspaper, Diario Siete.
- Michael Evans : Add brief definition or description is director of the Colombia Documentation Project and serves concurrently as the Archive's Webmaster. He is the author of several Archive Electronic Briefing Books on U.S.-Colombia relations, international counternarcotics policy, the 1975 invasion of East Timor by Indonesian forces and U.S.-China relations. He also writes a monthly column for Semana.com, the online publication of Colombia's leading news magazine. His work has been recognized by The New York Times, USA Today, Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post and other publications. He has appeared on television and radio broadcasts in the U.S. and Colombia, including the BBC World Service, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting's "Counterspin," Pacifica Radio's "Democracy Now!" and RCN Television in Colombia. He joined the Archive in 1996 and worked as a Research Associate on several Archive publications, including Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999, Presidential Directives on National Security, Part 2: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement; and U.S. Espionage and Intelligence: Organization, Operations, and Management, 1947-1996. He is a graduate of Miami University and did his graduate work in international affairs at The George Washington University.
- Tamara Feinstein : Add brief definition or description Analyst, is the director of the Peru Documentation Project and also assists with the Mexico project. She has authored several Electronic Briefing Books related to Peru. She previously worked on the Guatemala Documentation Project, which included assistance in the production of the Guatemala microfiche set (Death Squads, Guerrilla War, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954–1999). She received her undergraduate degree in Political Science and Peace and Conflict Studies from Wayne State University and her Master's of Arts in International Affairs at the George Washington University.
- Carlos Osorio : Add brief definition or description is Information Systems Manager, Analyst and Director of the Southern Cone Documentation Project. In 2002, Carlos published several Electronic Briefing Books on state terrorism and U.S. policy in Argentina and Uruguay. He produced a CD-ROM containing the Department of State's entire Argentina Declassification collection along with annotated selections of documents to judges, lawyers and human rights groups. Between 2000 and 2002 he served as advisor to the Supreme Court of Paraguay and the Catholic University of Asunción in support of the "Centro de Documentación y Archivo para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos" (a.k.a. "Archivo del Terror"--"Archive of Terror") of the Memory, Democracy and Human Rights Project. The project catalogued 60,000 documents and microfilmed and digitized some 300,000 documents from the secret police files of Paraguay's former dictator, Alfredo Stroessner. Carlos also worked with the Panama Truth Commission to gather documents on deaths and disappearances in the early 1970's. Previously, Mr. Osorio worked on the Archive's Guatemala History and Accountability Project, which produced documentary and analytical support to the United Nations Historical Clarification Commission in Guatemala. He coordinated the military research and declassification of U.S. files that were the source of the Archive's Guatemala Military Database, which he designed and constructed himself. He has delivered papers and made presentations at various U.S. and Latin American forums on the use of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act and U.S. declassified documents to clarify human rights abuses and the structure of repressive military apparatuses. As Information Systems Manager, he supervised the transition of the Archive's computer systems to a Windows network and conducted the migration of the Archive's network to fiber optic. He is currently engaged in the Archive's digitalization process.
- John Prados : Add brief definition or description
- Jeffrey Richelson : Add brief definition or description
- Robert Wampler : Add brief definition or description Research Fellow, has directed the Archive's U.S.-Japan documentation project since 1993. In connection with his work with the Archive's U.S.-Japan Project, he is also co-editor with Akira Iriye (Harvard University) of Partnership (Kodansha Press, 2001) a book of essays by leading American scholars of U.S.-Japan relations commemorating the 50th anniversary of the U.S.-Japan Peace Treaty and alliance. His work at the Archive has also included biological warfare, NATO military planning and the diplomacy of Henry Kissinger. Dr. Wampler's other research interests and recent publications include the uses of history for strategic planning and the public policy challenges posed by emerging technologies such as biotechnology and nanotechnology. He is a founding member of the Department of Defense Historical Records Declassification Advisory Panel, created to advise the Pentagon on policies regarding the declassification of historically significant records. Prior to coming to the Archive, he taught at the University of Maryland Department of History, and was Director of the Nuclear History Program's Project on Nuclear Weapons and Alliance Cohesion. His early scholarly work focused on nuclear strategy and the Atlantic Alliance, in connection with which he organized oral history sessions on the Eisenhower administration and NATO strategy, and helped to develop the Nuclear History Program's primary documents database. Additionally, he has contributed essays, chapters and papers to a number of books and conference proceedings, and has received grants and awards from the Harry S. Truman Library Institute, the Harvard MacArthur Fellowship, the Harvard Knox Fellowship, the Charles Warren Center for American Studies, and the U.S. Army Military History Institute. Dr. Wampler received his undergraduate training at King College, obtained a Master's in History from Wake Forest University and earned his Ph.D. in History from Harvard University in 1991.
- Barbara Elias : Add brief definition or description research fellow and is director of the Afghanistan, Pakistan and Taliban project. She is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania studying International Relations, Security Studies and U.S. Foreign Policy. In addition to national security issues, serving as the National Security Archive’s FOIA Coordinator from 2003-2006, Barbara also remains interested in issues of government transparency and access to information. She received a B.A. with Honors from Brown University in 2002 majoring in International Relations and Modern American History completing an honors thesis entitled “Lessons for the U.S. War on Terrorism from Vietnam.” In 2002 she was awarded the Samuel C. Lamport Prize in International Understanding from the History Department at Brown University.
- Vojtech Mastny : Add brief definition or description Senior Research Fellow, is coordinator of the Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact, the multinational research effort co-sponsored by the Archive with leading institutions in Switzerland, Austria, Norway and Italy. His distinguished career has included teaching history and international relations at Columbia University, the University of Illinois, and the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. He has served as a Fulbright professor at the University of Bonn, and his fellowships and awards include research positions at the Norwegian Nobel Institute and the University of Hokkaido, among other institutions. His many books include The Helsinki Process and the Reintegration of Europe, The Czechs Under Nazi Rule (which won the Clarke F. Ansley award), Russia’s Road to the Cold War (which The Economist praised as having “transcended the simplicities of both the ‘cold war’ and the ‘revisionist’ versions to produce a convincingly complex picture”), and most recently, The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity (winner of the Bernath Prize). A U.S. citizen, his languages include his native Czech as well as Russian, Polish, German, French and Italian.
- Svetlana Savranskaya : Add brief definition or description serves as the Archive's director for its cooperative projects with Russian archives and institutes and editor of the Russian and East Bloc Archival Documents Database. She earned her Ph.D. in political science and international affairs in 1998 from Emory University, where she studied under Professor Robert Pastor and worked as a Hewlett Fellow at the Carter Presidential Center in Atlanta. While completing her Ph.D., she served as a research associate and interpreter for several Archive-Cold War International History Project efforts, including most prominently the Carter-Brezhnev Project of Brown University’s Watson Institute, as well as the End of the Cold War Project. A Russian citizen, she has won several fellowships and awards during her graduate studies, including a prestigious dissertation fellowship from the Institute for the Study of World Politics. She did her undergraduate work in history at Moscow State University.
- Brad Simpson : Add brief definition or description is a Research Fellow and director of the Archive's Indonesia and East Timor documentation project. He is currently an Assistant Professor of History at Idaho State University, where he teaches U.S. history and foreign relations. Brad earned his Ph.D. in U.S. history from Northwestern University in 2003, where he studied U.S.-Southeast Asian relations during the 1960s. He is currently writing a book on U.S.-Indonesian relations during the 1950s and 1960s, examining U.S. support for an authoritarian regime in Jakarta. From 1994 to 1995 he worked as a researcher on the Archive's Guatemala History and Accountability Project.
- Hope Harrison : Add brief definition or description is a Research Fellow with the Archive’s End of the Cold War Project and Assistant Professor of History and International Affairs at George Washington University. She obtained her master’s and doctorate degrees from Columbia University. She taught at Brandeis University and Lafayette College. She held research fellowships at the Norwegian Nobel Institute, the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the Davis Center at Harvard University, and the Free University of Berlin. She is completing a book on Soviet-East German relations from 1953 to 1961, which relies extensively on her work in archives of the former Soviet Union and East Germany. Prof. Harrison took leave for the 2000-2001 academic year to work on U.S. policy toward Russia at the National Security Council’s Directorate on Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia.
- Christian Ostermann : Add brief definition or descriptionis the director of the Cold War International History Project of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a Research Fellow at the National Security Archive. He received his M.A. in modern and medieval history from the University of Cologne (Germany) and is currently completing a Ph.D. dissertation on U.S. policy towards East Germany for the University of Hamburg. He has received scholarships and awards from the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo (1999), the Harry S. Truman Library Institute (1995-1996), the Institute for the Study of World Politics (1995), the German Historical Institutes in London (1994) and Washington (1991-1992), the Gerda-Henkel Foundation for Historical Scholarship in Duesseldorf (1993-1994), the John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies at the Free University of Berlin (1992-1993), and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (1974-1991), among others. He has presented scholarly papers at more than a dozen conferences; his article "The United States and the 1953 East German Uprising" (1996) won the 1994-1996 Prize for Best History Article in German Studies.
- Vladislav Zubok : Add brief definition or description is a Research Fellow, Associate Professor of History at Temple University, and previously director of the Archive's Russia-related projects. Dr. Zubok, a Russian citizen, previously held a Visiting Fellowship at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo; he was Visiting Scholar at the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies at the Woodrow Wilson Center, and has taught courses on Soviet politics and international relations at Amherst College, Ohio University, Stanford University, and the University of Michigan. A Ph.D. recipient and former senior research fellow of the Institute for the Study of the USA and Canada (Moscow), Dr. Zubok has written numerous articles on international relations and two of the first six working papers of the Cold War International History Project at the Wilson Center. His book, Inside the Kremlin's Cold War (with Constantin Pleshakov), published in 1996 by the Harvard University Press, won the 1996 Lionel Gelber Prize as the best book of the year in international affairs.
Freedom of Information Project
- Kristin Adair : Add brief definition or description serves as Staff Counsel at the National Security Archive. She works principally on the Archive’s FOIA litigation and open government advocacy projects. In addition, she tracks international access to information issues and helps to maintain the freedominfo.org website, serving as a liaison to the international community as part of the Freedom of Information Advocates Network. Before joining the Archive staff, Kristin served as a policy assistant and scheduler during the 2004 presidential campaign and also worked as an intern in the Senate, focusing on judiciary and foreign policy issues. She recently completed her graduate work at the George Washington University, where she received her J.D. and her M.A. in International Affairs in May 2006. Her studies focused on constitutional and administrative law, as well as U.S. national security and foreign policy.