Julius Robert Bosse (born July 12, 1832 in Quedlinburg, died July 31, 1901 in Berlin) was a German politician active in social reform and social legislation during the last half of the 19th century.
Robert Bosse was the third child of Julius Bosse and his wife, Dorothea. He studied law at the Universities of Heidelberg, Halle and Berlin, where he became a member of two important student associations the Corps Suevia Heidelberg and Corps Palaiomarchia.
From 1861 to 1868 Bosse was Chamberlin to the Count of Stolberg-Rossla in Rossla. He was active in the various capacities in the Provinzialverwaltung. In 1868 he was appointed office captain in Uchte. In 1870 he joined the Konsistorialrat. In 1872 he became Senior President in Hanover, and was named Justiciar of the Provinzialschulkollegiums in 1876. Following this, Bosse was appointed as an official in the Prussian Ministry for Education and Cultural Affairs in Berlin. In 1878 he was appointed to the Prussian Ministry of State.
In 1881 he became a director of the newly created Sociopolitical Department in the Office of Internal Affairs and participated extensively in the first worker insurance laws under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, directing the unit that included Theodor Lohmann. In 1889 he was named under-secretary of State, in 1890 undersecretary of state of the Council of State and 1891 undersecretary of state of the office for law of the realm and chairman of the commission for the new civil law codification.
From March, 1892 until September, 1899 Bosse was Prussian Secretary of Cultural Affairs, where he had a substantial role in the introduction of wage laws for ministers and public school teachers.